High Sierra Trail Permits & Packing List

Hamilton Lake on the High Sierra Trail in California
Hamilton Lake on the High Sierra Trail in California

My first attempt at Mt. Whitney kicked my butt and it has kept me coming back for more. So when I wasn’t awarded permits from the lottery system in April, I decided to hike to the summit one of the longways. The whole 72 miles, West to East across the Sierra Nevada Mountains, that make up the High Sierra Trail.


The High Sierra Trail also ended up being my first thru-hike, my longest backpacking trip by miles and by days, and honestly the hardest hike that I have ever done both physically and mentally. After 6.5 days on the trail, standing on top of Whitney with no altitude sickness, knowing I made it across the mountain range with a heavy pack (45lbs) was worth every tear and blister along the way.


The trail starts in the West from Crescent Meadows in the Sequoia National Park and runs to the East across the mountain range to the Mt. Whitney summit and down to Whitney Portal. The High Sierra Trail goes over the Great Western Divide, down to the Big Arroyo and Kern River Valley, then up again to where it connects to the John Muir Trail and the Pacific Crest Trail, and finally finishing on Mt. Whitney.

 Photo from SEKI: https://www.nps.gov/seki/planyourvisit/high-sierra-trail.htm


Distance: 72.2 miles point to point

Time: 6 to 9 days

Difficulty: Strenuous

Elevation Gain: around 19,000 ft

Permits Required: Yes, year round.

Bear Canisters Required: Yes in the spring and summer months until Nov 1.

Dogs: No

Re-Supply Available: No

Pack Animals Allowed: Yes


Now the ins and outs of planning the trail and the day by day breakdown of my itinerary:

Day 1: Crescent Meadows to Panther Creek (half day)

Day 2: Panther Creek to Hamilton Lake

Day 3: Hamilton Lake to Big Arroyo Junction

Day 4: Big Arroyo Junction to Kern Hot Spring

Day 5: Kern Hot Spring to Junction Meadow

Day 6: Junction Meadow to Guitar Lake

Day 7: Guitar Lake to Mt.Whitney Summit to Whitney Portal


 Sunrise on the way to Mt. Whitney

If you’re going West to East, pick up permits from the Lodgepole Visitors Center in the Sequoia National Park. If you’re going East to West, get your permits from the Mt. Whitney Visitors Center in Lone Pine. If you start from the West, you don’t need a permit to finish on Mt. Whitney.


There are two ways to get permits for this trail, inside the quota season and outside of the quota season.

During the quota season –

The quota season runs during the summer months usually from May/June through the middle of September. The quota season is designed to limit how many backpackers can enter the wilderness on any given day during the high season (summer). This is to help protect the wilderness from too many visitors at the same time.


To hike the trail during the quota season, get your permit on recreation.gov. Look for where it says “High Sierra Trail.” Permits open up at 7am Pacific Time 6 months in advance of when you want to start hiking. Now permits do go quickly. I recommend being up and on the website and refresh right before 7am. If you don’t get permits on the first day, just keep trying and keep clicking until it goes through. It’s a challenge, but this is how it’s done.


Alternatively, if you don’t get permits the first way, I recommend checking for last minute cancelations. Sometimes you’ll get a cancelation well in advance, other times it might be a few weeks before you want to go. If you really want to go, check once or twice per day for any cancelations. They always happen! And you will be able to get a permit this way.


If you’re unsuccessful at all of those options, you can also aim to get a walk up permit the day before or the day of your trip.


Outside of the quota season –

There is no quota to backpack the wilderness for the fall, winter and spring months. But permits are still required! So you still need to go to the wilderness office before your trip and get a permit but you can have a group of 2 or 12 join you. I went in late September when the weather is cooler, especially at night, but manageable.

 Wallace Creek


May and June

There will still be snow on the ground, especially at higher elevations. Some of the crossings and passes will be very difficult and dangerous during these months (and possibly into early July).

July and August

The best conditions! Typically no snow on the ground, nights won’t be cold, water readily available almost everywhere. But there are more bugs and some of the water crossings will be difficult and fast moving. Days will be warm, sometimes humid. Afternoon thunderstorms are common.


No snow on the ground, fewer bugs, easier water crossings but the nights will be cooler.


Days are mild, the nights will be cold, some of the water sources may be dried up but the crossings will be easier! There is also a possibility of snowstorms.

November through April

Full winter conditions.


Now, this is probably the hardest part of planning the hike since the trail runs West to East (or vice versa). There are a couple of options, but some of them are off-limits outside of the quota season.


I prefer to have my car waiting for me at the end of a hike so I’m not relying on others for transportation at the end when I’m exhausted. I left my car at Whitney Portal and hired the Eastern Sierra Shuttle Service to drive us from Whitney Portal/Lone Pine to the trailhead at Crescent Meadows in the Sequoia National Park. For a 12 person van, the Eastern Sierra Shuttle Service charged us $1,200. If you mail them your key, they will also drive your vehicle from the start of the trailhead to the end for roughly the same price.


There are other options!


Have someone drop you off at the start and pick you up at the end. Or…


If you go during the quota season, before or during Labor Day, there is a shuttle service that runs from Visalia to the park. You can have someone drop you off in Visalia, you can fly to Visalia, you can take buses or trains there. There are also buses that run from Lone Pine to Visalia.



My total pack weight was 45 lbs. That was with 2L of water, 8 days of food and winter gear in case it got chilly, which it did!

 Start of the trail

 Great Western Divide


My total pack weight was 45 lbs. That was with 2L of water, 8 days of food and winter gear in case it got chilly, which it did!

Essentials –

Osprey 65 Aura Pack

Mountain Hardwear Ghost UL 2 Tent

Nemo Viola 20 Sleeping Bag

Therm-A-Rest Z Lite Sleeping Pad

Garmin In-Reach Explorer +

NatGeo Sequoia/Kings Canyon Map

Adventure Ultralight First Aid Kit

BV500 Bear Canister

Sawyer Water Filter

Sawyer Water Filter Adapter to fill up Camelbak

3L Camelbak

ZIPKA Headlamp, 200 Lumens

Extra Batteries

Phone Chargers



Smart Water Bottle

Bags for trash and used TP

Kitchen and Food –

MRS Pocket Rocket Stove

Iso Propane Tank

Sea to Summit Compressible Pot ( Sea to Summit X-Pot Kettle – 1.3 Liters)

UL Spork

Energy Chews

Freeze Dried Meals:

10 Starkist Tuna Packets

1 Bag of Flour Tortillas

Homemade Chili Flakes

Clothes –

Vasque Talus Mid UltraDry Hiking Boots

Camp Shoes

Sun Hat


Tank Top

2 Pairs of Nike Pro Classic Swoosh Bra

2 Pairs of Injinji Trail Midweight Crew Toe Socks

1 Pair of Columbia Silver Ridge Stretch II Pant

Thermals (Pants and Long Sleeve Shirt)

Columbia 3-in-1 Snowboarding Jacket**

Snowboarding Pants**

Burton Snowboarding Gloves**


UL Towel (REI Co-op Multi Towel Deluxe)

Other stuff –


Extra Backup Charger

Ursa Major Facial Wipes

Huggies Wipes

Eye Drops

Travel Size Hand Sanitizer

Sun Bum SPF 30 Sunscreen

Arm and Hammer Travel Toothpaste

Travel Toothbrush


**You do not need to bring these items if you are going in summer conditions.


For more on what to bring backpacking, look through my current backpacking pack list.


Day by Day Breakdown

Day 1: Crescent Meadows to Panther Creek (half day)

Day 2: Panther Creek to Hamilton Lake

Day 3: Hamilton Lake to Big Arroyo Junction

Day 4: Big Arroyo Junction to Kern Hot Spring

Day 5: Kern Hot Spring to Junction Meadow

Day 6: Junction Meadow to Guitar Lake

Day 7: Guitar Lake to Mt.Whitney Summit to Whitney Port


  • Karah Leibovich

    December 2, 2018

    This sounds amazing! I wasn’t awarded a Whitney permit last year so did the first 25 miles of the HST and want to return! Your post is v insuring! Thanks for sharing it!

  • Tao Zhang

    December 2, 2018

    Thinking about doing this as my first thru hike next year. This is very helpful and informative! Thanks a lot!

  • Susan

    December 7, 2018

    Wow considering this for sure!

  • Lou

    February 7, 2019

    Did the JMT last August (Cottonwood Pass to Yosemite including summiting Whitney). Would love to do this trek. Thanks for the great info!

  • February 24, 2019

    How often did you wear either of these items at your early/mid September trip?
    – both layers of your Columbia jacket together
    – snowboarding pants
    – snow gloves

    Thanks for all the info! Super helpful stuff.

    • Jenny Kotlyar

      February 26, 2019

      All 3 things I only wore on the last day to summit Mt. Whitney. It was cold! And I was so happy to have all of those layers up there even if they did add weight. If you’re going in the summer months, it’ll still be cold, but you won’t need snow gear.

  • March 23, 2019

    Great post! Really hope I get the chance to do this one day!

  • May 14, 2019

    Thank you for this post it has been very helpful to my wife and I as we plan our trip this summer. Just wondering, did you park your car on the road or parking lot near Whitney Portal? Is there a max on the days that we can leave our car?

    • Jenny Kotlyar

      May 16, 2019

      I parked my car in the parking lot at Whitney Portal. The ranger station does ask that you park in the overflow parking (lower parking) if you’re going to be gone for an extended amount of time. There is no limit to how many days your car can be there, but don’t leave anything scented in your car. There are bear boxes in the parking lots, put everything scented in there. Portal is an active bear area.

  • Chris Nigul

    November 7, 2019

    email your PDF application on or after March 1 at 12:01 am – Is that PST?

    • Jenny Kotlyar

      November 7, 2019

      Yup! That’s PST!

  • Chris Nigul

    November 7, 2019

    Also, I can’t find Crescent Meadow as an entry point. What should I pick if I wanted to start from there?

    • Jenny Kotlyar

      November 7, 2019

      On the PDF application, you would put High Sierra. It’s under the Lodgepole trailhead options. Then the trail would start from Crescent Meadows and finish on Whitney.

  • maleeya

    February 28, 2022

    Thank you

  • Scott

    June 14, 2022

    Hey Jenny!
    Looking for High Sierra Loop trail application for Yosemite however, having no luck in finding it?
    Have you done the Loop trail?
    Do you have a link to apply for next year 2023?
    Cheers, Scott


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